Start Fishing As a Hobby

Research the best rod and reel for you and off you go. Fishing tackle shops will be able to offer advice on equipment and you will pick up more tips along the way. Your equipment does not have to be expensive, particularly for hobby fishing. Research reviews on the various size fishing rods, the type of fish you will likely be after locally, and just ensure that you have a decent quality reel. Prefilled tackle boxes are a great way to start. A basic tackle box generally includes various sized hooks, sinkers, long-nosed pliers or other implement to handle fish safely, and a standard fishing line. There is an array of these available depending on the environment that you will be fishing in. Again, ask for advice.

Local fishing charters are a great way to get started before you invest time and money, as they generally provide all equipment and assist with baiting hooks etc., and lots of general advice. The charters are a great outing either alone, or with family and friends and make for a very social atmosphere and a great learning environment.

Join a local fishing/angling club and get involved in everything that they offer. Apart from the social aspect, the fisherfolk will likely offer to take you out on their boats and there will also be club competitions, general fishing including ladies days and boating events in which you can participate.

Before you start, you will need a mandatory fishing licence which are readily and cheaply available online. Search for your state’s website and purchase online with options for different length of time options – licences are generally then emailed directly to you.

Taking the Plunge Into


This knot is tied using two unequal lines of different size and material.


Two lines are joined together in this type.

Double Uni:

This is the easiest possible fishing knot as it simply combines’ two lines together.

J Knot:

This type is a strong leader of the line knot.


This joins the fly line to leader.

Slim beauty:

The leader is joined to the line in this category.


It attaches the leader to lead core fishing line.

Albright special:

This is yet another type of knot which joins two lines of varying size and material.


This knot attaches a leader to a double line.


This is used with braided line and a leader of line knot.


It combines fluorocarbon line to monofilament line.


It helps to tie two different knots together.


It joins a leader to line knot. The best is mono to braid knot.

Australian Plait:

This makes a 100{5a1b987ca122fefd23b2bff46cf73953f45b17bcf2b5e199381da4e9dee46ea2} strong double line loop.

Bimmi Twist:

This knot is created with a double line to connect the hook, lure and leader.

Dropper loop:

It creates a loop anywhere possible in the line.

Homer Rhode loop:

This knot makes a loop connection to enable tackling with heavy line.

King Sling:

This knot forms a loop at the end of the line.

Kreh loop:

This is made by tying a lure of fly to a line along with a non-slip loop.

Perfection loop:

It enables tying a loop at the end of any fishing line in an easy way.

Spider hitch:

This knot creates a double edge or loop.

Non slip loop:

It is created by tying a fly to an edge with another non-slip loop.


Enables tying of fly to a line along with a non-slip loop.

Surgeon’s end loop:

It helps in tying a non-slip loop at the end of the edge.

Equipped with this preliminary information, get started. Again last but not the least set of instructions for you are here!

• Choose the right fishing knot and tie it up accurately.

• Always lubricate the knots.

• Ensure that the trim tag ends close to the knot.

Keep fishing!

Catch Sand Worms in the Surf

Now let me explain why one would attempt to catch sand worms when it can be so frustrating. Here are the reasons:

• Worms are easy to bait on the hook.
• Fresh bait always catches more fish.
• Worms are great for surf fishing because they stays on hook even in rough condition.
• They are good bait for fish that kids love to catch whiting, dart, or bream.

Now it is time to list what you need.

1. Smelly burley; (This could be old ham or fish bones);
2. Net bag, sharp stick about.5 metre, metre of cord or light rope;
3. A small piece of a Pipi (shellfish) or ham as bait for the worm and
4. A bait box around your waist.

The burley is placed in the string bag; the rope ties the opening of the bag up while the other end is attached to the sharp stick. (The net bag allows the water to flow over the burley giving off its smell to attract the worm to the surface of the sand).

To catch sand worms you need:

• Outgoing tide nearing low tide;
• A flat, quiet beach, with a long shallow run-in and run-out.

Once you find an appropriate spot, swirl your burley bag, back and forth in the water, as the water comes in and recedes; moving in and out with the water. As the water recedes, look for:

• Arrowhead or V formation in the water as the water recedes;
• Lots of little fingers/hairs arched above the sand at the arrowhead.

Once you spot the worm, this is what you do:

• Place the pointed stick deep in the sand above the V formation so that it allows the burley to continue to attract the worm.
• Move carefully to the side of the V formation.
• Put your piece of pipi just beach side of the V formation.
• Watch for the arching of the back by the worm as it grabs your piece of pipi.
• Keep the pipi still.
• Then, slip your finger and thumb of your other hand slowly into sand around the worm without touching it;
• Then, squeeze slowly.
• Hold the worm firmly until it has arched it back and relaxed.
• Then pull the worm vertically, but slowly, to prevent breakage.
• You may need to hold still when the worm pulls downwards a second time until it relaxes.
• Now, place the worm in some dry sand in your bait box.

Find Lake Texoma Fishing Guide

Eight out of ten Google searches are done on a tablet or smartphone. If the website does not adjust to your smartphone and the text and pictures are small, move on to the next guide. Does the website have a fishing report? Are the fishing reports up to date? If you find a fishing report that is two years old and the site has only two reports, move on to the next guide! Does the Texoma Fishing Guide website have links to social media? If the answer is no, find another candidate. If there are links to social media take a look at them. If you don’t find many posts on Facebook, find another guide. Take time to read the home page of the guide’s website! Is the content readable or does it sound mixed up and confusing? Spinning content is very common on a guide’s website, and ranking on Google is easier with mass-produced spun content.

Texoma is a very large lake and can get difficult to navigate when the weather turns bad. Make sure your Texoma Fishing Guides boat is big and safe. A 21-foot boat is standard, anything less is not safe on Lake Texoma. You are going to spend 4-6 hours on Texoma with a guide, make sure the boat is nice! If you are a master angler and familiar with fishing rods and reels, ask the guide what he uses! Most good Texoma Fishing Guides will have this information on their website, so look for it!

You can find customer reviews on websites and social media, but the very best way to find a good review is on Facebook. Not a Facebook review, because those are cherry picked! Find a fishing guides post, then look at the comments. Most customers reply to Facebook posts. Message the customer and let them know you need a review and are thinking about booking a trip. 9 out of 10 customers will respond and let you know how good or bad the guide was on their trip.

Once you get a list of 10 possible Texoma Fishing Guides, get your smartphone out and start texting. Make sure your potential guide knows the following:

1) Dates you wish to fish

2) How many anglers in your group

3) Your groups angling skills

4) Any special needs ( kids, disabilities)

If you email this information it will take 2-3 days for a response, a text message will get a fast response. Some guides will be booked, so make sure you book 60 days in advance. If you have a group of artificial lure anglers, don’t book a live bait trip. If you have neophyte anglers that simply want to experience Texoma, a live bait trip could be best. If you have kids, make sure your guide will fish them. Most Texoma Guides fish kids, but it’s better to find out in a text message and not at the marina boat dock.

Spear Fishing

Considering the shark’s senses are highly attuned to thrashing fish and dead fish for that matter makes the spear fisher a possible unintended target. Years ago when I used to spear fish a lot in Long Island Sound, NY we didn’t have the danger of a possible shark attack because back forty years ago there were only sand sharks to deal with.

Now with global warming I really don’t know what type of sharks migrate into Long Island Sound during the summer months. What we had to deal with were currents, fishing line and boats all of which could cause injury or death.

Since the sound was quite shallow for the most part a short spear gun was needed because of it’s maneuverability around the rocks where the black fish and stripped bass lurked. The spear gun was powered by three surgical rubber bands that propelled a steel shaft approximately twelve feet underwater.

It was a dangerous weapon that needed to be treated with respect. One of the problems was missing a fish and having your shaft hit a rock and bend which drastically affected future shots. I used a detachable tip because a large stripped bass will bend a shaft if it hits a bony area and the fish then struggles to get free.

Nowadays there are six foot spear guns for open water diving whereby a spear fisher free dives fifty or more feet and shoots ocean going fish. Truly the top of the sport in terms of athletic ability, endurance and guts. If you have ever dove into the nothingness of a deep ocean you will know what I mean. You look down and you not only can’t see the bottom but it all goes dark beyond a certain depth. It can be unnerving to say the least.

One point I would like to bring up is that spear fishing with scuba is for people that have no ability and like to shoot helpless fish that can’t escape. There is absolutely no skill involved and in many parts of the world this practice is outlawed.

Anyway, sharks are attracted to fish that have been speared and will attack a spear fisher if the opportunity presents itself. There are safeguards that you can take to help minimize the danger of such encounters.

One, As soon as you spear the fish return to shore or your boat and deposit the fish and then go back into the water. Do not drag the dead fish on a stringer hanging from your waist.

Two, If this is not possible then make sure you have a inner tube with a visible dive flag with you. The center of the inner tube is a great place to attach a heavy duty plastic bag so when you put the fish inside the bag the blood will no longer act as a lure for sharks.

Three, This seems quite obvious but if there are sharks in the area that have been sighted then it would make sense not to spear fish in that area!

Four, If you do encounter a shark of any size while you are spear fishing then do the smart thing and give the\ shark what he wants. He does not want you because you are not his preferred food source but if you don’t give him what he wants then you may become an accidental meal.

Five, It the unlikely event that you have disregarded all these prudent suggestions and find yourself face to face with a shark then use your spear gun as a prod to keep the shark at bay. Always face the shark as you retreat to shore or your boat and keep the spear in its face. Jabbing it’s nose or eyes may work but no guarantees. If you do get safely to your boat or shore then call it a day because you just dodged possible death.

It’s a great sport but as with anything that involves the ocean it has its inherent dangers that can be mitigated by using common sense. As a plug for a shark deterrent product using shark bio barrier on your fins, belt, inner tube may just help keep the sharks away!

Salmon Fishing

During the latter months of the season prices can be anything from £60.00 a day to in excess of £450.00 per day, again depending on the on the river and quality of beat. As a rule of thumb the higher the permit price the higher the annual catch rate will be on any given beat. You can still find relatively inexpensive salmon fishing on some of the smaller rivers or less productive beats of the major rivers for £30.00 to £60.00 per day. If you hire a professional guide he or she will be able to advise you on the best salmon fishing available at the time to suit your requirements and budget and should be able to secure permits for you. If you want to fish without a guide then permits are available online either direct from the beat website or from an online booking agency. Local tackle shops can also provide permits. On the main rivers availability for the top beats in the latter months of the season, August, September and October is very limited so booking early is always advisable.

All of the top salmon fishing beats will have a resident guide/s and a fishing lodge with tea, coffee and basic cooking facilities, a dining area and toilets. The lodges do not have bedrooms and are not used to provide accommodation. They are built for the comfort of the guests as a place to shelter in bad weather and a place to have lunch. The resident guide will meet guests first thing in the morning and show them where they will be fishing. The resident guide/ghillie is there to look after the beat and will generally provide advice To get the best out of your day it is advisable to hire a personal professional salmon fishing guide with experience of the river you will be fishing. A personal guide will look after you for the day, show you where the holding pools are and how best to fish them. He will also advise on tackle and tactics for the conditions on the day.

Salmon Fishing on The River Tay

The Tay is not only the longest river in Scotland covering 120 miles, it also has the largest volume of water of any river in the UK, making it less water dependent to fish well than most of the salmon fishing rivers in Scotland. With the spring runs starting from mid March it provides excellent salmon fishing right through the season. The river starts it’s journey from Loch Tay at Killin and travels through some beautiful and spectacular scenery passed Kenmore, Aberfeldy, Dunkeld and Perth before reaching the Firth of Tay just east of Perth where the river becomes tidal.

The spring salmon run starts around mid March until the end of May and salmon can be found throughout the Tay system right through the summer months. September heralds the autumn salmon run which produces the largest number of salmon at any time during the season. The Tay produced the largest ever rod caught, salmon in Britain which was caught by Miss Georgina Ballantine in 1922, weighing 64lbs, and which still remains the British Record. There is now strong evidence to suggest that the salmon are spending a longer time at sea and growing considerably larger before entering the river system which has had the effect of producing numerous salmon in excess of 30lbs and even some in excess of 40lbs. Methods of fishing can be fly fishing, spin fishing and harling (trolling) where there are boats available. The season on the Tay is from the 15th of January until the 15th of October although some beats have now extended this to the 31st of October albeit catch and release only.

Salmon Fishing on The River Spey.

The River Spey is just over a hundred miles long and runs north east from Loch Spey past Newtonmore, Aviemore, Grantown on Spey and Aberlour joining the sea in the Moray Firth at Spey Bay just north of Fochabers. Not only is the Spey famous for salmon fishing and the Spey Cast but the waters of Speyside are used to produce more whisky than any other region in Scotland.

The salmon fishing season on the Spey doesn’t start until the 11th of February and a few spring salmon are usually present in the lower region of the river. Salmon start to increase in numbers from early April and by June can be found throughout the river. The summer months can produce some excellent fishing and many fish in excess of 30lb have been caught in the spring runs.

Most beats are fly fishing only although some beats will allow spin fishing if the water levels are too high for fly fishing. Permits can be obtained direct from the beats own websites, through an online booking agency or from the local tackle shop. The tackle shop in Grantown on Spey also does tackle hire. There are several association waters which provide permits at reasonable prices and the River Avon and River Dulnain which are tributaries of the Spey also provide some excellent salmon fishing. The season on the Spey is from the 11th of February until the 30th of September.

Salmon Fishing on The River Dee.

The River Dee is 85 miles long and runs east from the source at the Wells of Dee spring (at 4000 ft) on the side of Braeriach in the Cairngorm Mountains. The Dee runs past Braemar, Balmoral, Ballater, Aboyne and Banchory before joining the sea at Aberdeen. Unlike the Spey which has peat coloured waters the Dee has remarkable clear water despite being bordered by peat hills on its course. Even after a heavy spate the waters clear remarkably quickly.

The Dee is renowned for being one of the best spring salmon rivers in Scotland particularly on the lower beats in February and March and as the season progresses into April and May, salmon can be found on most of the river. The summer months produce some excellent salmon fishing throughout the system right up to the close of season in Mid October. The fishing is fly fishing only and owing to conservation measures introduced in the mid 1990’s to counteract decreasing spring salmon numbers a strictly catch and release policy was introduced throughout the season. The season is from the 1st of February until the 15th of October.

Salmon Fishing on the River Tweed

The River Tweed is the most southerly of the big four salmon rivers actually forming part of the border between England and Scotland and like the Tay and the Dee flows into the sea on the east coast. It is 97 miles long and starts at Tweedsmuir at Tweed’s Well a few miles north of Moffat where the Clyde and the River Annan also rise from. It first runs north toward Peebles and then veers east where it is joined by the Etrick water a few miles south of Galashiels and Tweedbank. From here it runs passed St Boswells, Kelso, Coldstream and Norham before joining the sea at Berwick on Tweed.

Booking A Fishing Charter

Number of People

How many people will go with you? The charter won’t handle too many people. Usually, each boat will carry a limited number of people. You should count the number of people before hiring the charter.

Fishing budget

The price will depend on the number of people, the size and the length of the charter, and the type of fishing that you want to do. The fishing charter can be as low as $60 per head or as high as $500 per head. Make sure you have the required amount of money before booking a charter.

Customer Service

There are two kinds of charters. You can go with charters that believe in good service, or you can go with charters that give more importance to making money. Keep in mind that price doesn’t necessarily refers to high quality service. You may find some inexpensive charters offering great customer service and vice versa. Make sure you compare the prices and services offered by charters before hiring a boat.

Types of charters

In most cases, it’s a good idea to go for private charters. They offer you privacy, as you will be around only your friends or relatives. You won’t share the space with outsiders. Usually, the fee for a private charter is based on the number of hours you want to hire it for. The price is for the entire boat irrespective of how many people want to go.

On the other hand, shared charters don’t offer privacy and you will be on the boat with many other people. In oth

Measure and Release Fish Correctly

Sustainability needs to be taken very seriously, hence Fisheries have very clear guidelines. Sustainable fishing means that fish are harvested at a sustainable rate, so the fish population does not decline over time due to poor fishing practices. Imagine a world that is over-harvested and the corresponding devastation to the eco-system and to our future generations. It is the responsibility of each and every one of us to do our bit to protect the planet.

Size limits are typically based on biological research into the reproductive cycle of each species. Minimum size limits generally allow fish to spawn at least once and contribute to the population before they are taken.

The biggest mistake when measuring the length of your catch is where people don’t use a flat surface to measure the fish on. Ensure that if you use a mat, that it is not crumpled causing you to potentially overestimate the size of the fish. Adhesive or stick-on devices, when exposed to the weather, can shrink and become unreliable. Using a solid measuring implement is the best way.

As fish tend to contract if placed on ice, err on the side of caution and allow an extra inch at the initial measure.

Close the jaw of the fish to ensure an accurate reading. The overall measurement of a fish, whether it is fork tailed or round tailed, is taken from the outside of the snout on the upper jaw, to the extreme tip of the tail.

Your State Fisheries website will likely have an outline on how to measure an array of sea life e.g. crabs and squid as well as fish, so it might be worthwhile printing out a copy and keeping it in your tackle box for reference.

To assist in survival of your catch, avoid holding the belly area as you will almost certainly damage internal organs, which reduces chances of survival dramatically.

Never touch the fish’s gills as they are easily damaged.

Use a pair of long-nosed pliers, or a purpose made hook-release to quickly and efficiently remove the hook. If the fish has hooked deeply, cut the line as close to the hook as possible and leave the hook in the fish as it will probably do more damage trying to remove a deep hook than to leave it where it is.

A fish has no lungs so the moment it comes out of the water it stops ‘breathing’.

Research indicates that after landing a fish, keeping it out of the water for 30 seconds reduces the chances of survival by 30{5a1b987ca122fefd23b2bff46cf73953f45b17bcf2b5e199381da4e9dee46ea2}, and 60 seconds out of the water reduces its survival by 70{5a1b987ca122fefd23b2bff46cf73953f45b17bcf2b5e199381da4e9dee46ea2}.

Fishing Knots

Experts’ advise the use of complex knots such as the Bimini Twist, Surgeon’s Knot etc., assuming perhaps that every angler can easily get the intricacies of knot -tying soon enough. But that’s easier said than done because a fishing knot is only one feature of assembling fishing line and tackle in its entirety. Joining line to swivel, a swivel to trace and then to hook calls for practiced perfection in any type of condition.
Some of the popular fishing knots are:

• Loop
• Uni-Knot
• Scaffold
• Hangman’s Knot
• Clinch Knot’
• Palomar
• Blood Knot
• Surgeon’s bow and many others.

The strength of a fishing line may depend on the material used but the fishing knot is an important aspect to prevent line breaks, snags and twists, thus enabling the fish to get away! Hence, it all depends on a fisherman’s ability to tie a fishing knot in the right way. Some useful suggestions and tips are:

• Moisten the knot before tying and snagging it reduces friction heat and abrasions on the material when it is tightened

• A strong smooth pull at the end of the line where the knot is to be tied will ensure it is tied correctly; it is better to test it couple of times with hard tugs

• Leaving a little extra bit of line at the tag end before clipping it off will ensure that even when knots slip slightly they don’t unravel completely

• Retying the knot before every fishing trip and checking the knot frequently even while fishing will ensure that the bow is stable; even the sturdiest knots can weaken with use.

The varieties of knots in other activities besides fishing include camping, climbing, sailing and sea-fishing. However, unlike fishing in lakes and other fresh water bodies, sea-fishermen can take to salt water fishing by knowing just the basics of a few knots. In olden days, anglers took a lot of pride in learning to tie complicated knots but the reality of modern day fishing rigs is that they are made with very few knots. The Uni-Knot is the most adaptable and strong although it is relatively smaller compared to others. Specifically developed for monofilament fishing lines it is the main knot used in a majority of the modern fishing rigs.

Info of Snakehead Fish

If anglers do catch the fish, they must kill them. It is not legal to keep a live snakehead. The fish is killed by removing the head, separating the gills from the body, or removing the internal organs and putting it on ice quickly. This may sound like “overkill” but they want these fish gone. They are very invasive and they want to be sure they are truly dead. Fishermen are also told to report the fish catch to the Virginia Department of Game and Inland Fisheries (if in Virginia) or to similar organizations in other states. The aggressive moves against these fish are because they are such an invasive species. They are on the list of undesirable and predatory exotic species. It is illegal to own one without a permit.

If someone owns a live snakehead, they are required to contact the Department of Game and Inland Fisheries to dispose of the fish. They may be kept to be mounted provided they are killed as mentioned above, and also after having notified the department.

The reason that there are such aggressive measures being taken against snakeheads is because they can feed on an ecosystem’s forage fish and become a competitor in the ecosystem. They thus disrupt the balance within the ecosystem. They can also transmit diseases and parasites to wildlife.

One reason they are so problematic is that they have extreme capacities for being able to live in varying conditions. They are a freshwater fish, but can also tolerate salt water (particularly the young). They have been illegally introduced. They have slimy skin, sharp teeth, a huge appetite, and can survive on land for three to seven days. Because they are such voracious carnivores is the reason that any Fish and Game Departments want to know about these fish and dispose of them. They pose a threat of taking over, eating out the natural species.